I'm a little behind the ball on this one, but with the recent inauguration, Shepard Fairey was brought to mind. Mr. Fairey is the artist who created the Obama Hope poster, then faced allegations of copyright infringement and ultimately tampering with evidence. The case came to a close in September with the imposition of a $25,000 fine and two years' probation.
Mr. Fairey's fair use defense and championing of artistic freedom shares a thread with the case of Aaron Swartz, co-founder of Reddit, who also faced criminal charges related to the copyrighted works of someone else.
Whether you're a staunch supporter of existing copyright laws or desire to see a change (for either longer terms or fewer restrictions), we have resources in the library for you.