Adoptive Couple vs. Baby Girl, was recently decided by the U.S. Supreme Court, then sent back to South Carolina for final disposition. The actual holding at the U.S. Supreme Court is as follows, according to SCOTUS Blog: "Assuming for the sake of argument that the biological father in this case is a "parent" for purposes of the Indian Child Welfare Act, the Act still does not bar termination of the biological father's paternal rights." The baby girl at issue was adopted as an infant, removed from her adoptive family at two-years-old and given to her biological father, and has now been returned to the adoptive couple at the age of four.
The legal system is frequently employed to resolve emotionally fraught custody disputes. For a look at the ethical and moral questions that arise, check out
The Ethics of Transracial Adoption
Ethics in American Adoption
Improving the Quality of Child Custody Evaluations
Domestic Violence, Abuse, and Child Custody: Legal Strategies and Policy Issues